JEA 2017, 1(1), 4; doi: 10.22261/JEA.PNCO7I
Changes in the acoustic structure and composition along a tropical elevational gradient
1 Department of Biology, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan 00931-3360, Puerto Rico
2 Sieve Analytics Inc., San Juan 00911, Puerto Rico
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 Sep 2017 / Accepted: 6 Nov 2017 / Published: 6 Dec 2017
Elevational gradients influence the distribution and composition of animal species and can provide useful information for the development of conservation strategies in the context of climate change. Despite an increase in studies of species diversity along elevational gradients, there is still a lack of information about community responses to environmental gradients, in part because of the logistical limitations of sampling multiple taxa simultaneously. One solution is to use passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) to acquire and analyze information from different animal taxa simultaneously along an entire elevational gradient. To improve our understanding of how environmental gradients influence patterns of animal communities and to test the relationship between soundscapes and animal composition we investigated how variation in bird and anuran composition affect the acoustic structure and composition of the soundscapes along an elevation gradient. We used PAM deploying portable acoustic recorders along three elevational transects in the Luquillo Mountains (LM), Puerto Rico. We found that elevation plays a major role in structuring the acoustic community and that the soundscape composition reflected the same patterns of anuran and bird distribution and composition along the elevational gradient. This study shows how different animal taxa respond to environmental gradients and provide strong evidence for the use of soundscapes as a tool to describe and compare species distribution and composition across large spatial scales.
Keywords: diversity; gradients; animal; elevational gradient; soundscapes; Taxa; Acoustic Structure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
Campos-Cerqueira, M.; Aide, T.M. Changes in the acoustic structure and composition along a tropical elevational gradient. JEA 2017, 1, 4.
Campos-Cerqueira M, Aide TM. Changes in the acoustic structure and composition along a tropical elevational gradient. Journal of Ecoacoustics. 2017; 1(1):4.
Campos-Cerqueira, Marconi; Aide, T. Mitchell. 2017. "Changes in the acoustic structure and composition along a tropical elevational gradient." JEA 1, no. 1: 4.